Paper entitled: LES Predictions of Jet Noise for a Pylon-Mounted Dual Stream Nozzle and Jet Surface Interactions
Authors: Patrick Vogel, Jonghoon Bin and Neeraj Sinha
An end-to-end LES/FW-H noise prediction model has been demonstrated and validated with acoustic and flowfield data from a dual stream nozzle with pylon experiment conducted at NASA GRC using their Jet Engine Simulator (JES) geometry. Results show a large region of high turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) in the wake of the pylon. Acoustic Source Localization (ASL) studies using our numerical phased array methodology show this wake region to be the principle location of low frequency noise sources while higher frequency sources occur nearer to the nozzle lips. Numerical simulations have also been conducted on Jet-Surface Interaction (JSI) effects of a supersonic jet exhausting parallel to a finite surface. Time-averaged LES data and far-field noise predictions have been obtained for multiple surface locations as well as for an isolated jet nozzle. For upstream observers located below the surface, results show an increase in low-frequency noise over what was predicted for the isolated nozzle due to JSI effects and decrease in high-frequency noise due to shielding. This was significantly more pronounced for an over-expanded jet than for an under-expanded jet, an effect that was primarily attributed to the shorter core length of the over-expanded jet.